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  • 5 Марта 2012
    Development of scientific research at IKBFU

    The programme for development of Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University federal state autonomous institution of higher professional education covers a wide spectrum of basic and applied research, which ensures the integration of science, education, and production, for instance through practical application of research results. Research has been developing dynamically over the recent years and the results obtained are highly estimated by the scientific community.

    The programme for development of Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University federal state autonomous institution of higher professional education covers a wide spectrum of basic and applied research, which ensures the integration of science, education, and production, for instance through practical application of research results. Research has been developing dynamically over the recent years and the results obtained are highly estimated by the scientific community.

    In December 2011, our university was visited by a commission of the Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation for monitoring the federal university development programmes represented by eminent experts in the field of technical education – Prof. Leonid A. Weissberg, corresponding fellow of the Russian Academy of Sciences, president of the research and manufacturing corporation Mekhanobr, and Prof. Vladimir A. Bespalov, first vice-rector of the National Research University of Electronic Technology, director general of the Zelenograd Centre for Innovation and Technology. The commission assessed the dynamics of university development, especially in the sphere of applied research, and the quality of new educational programmes in the fields of natural sciences and technology, as well performing.

    According to the data of 2010 monitoring carried out by the Higher School of Economics, our university ranks 17th in research and publication activity among the 474 Russian universities studied. We scored 11.95 points (Kaliningrad State Technical University scored 3.1, the Baltic State Academic 1.73, Moscow State University scored the highest with 34.08 points).

    The priority areas of IKBFU’s research activity consistent with the tasks of socioeconomic development of the Kaliningrad region are as follows:

    • energy efficiency and security;
    • material science and nanosystems;
    • information and telecommunication systems;
    • transport, logistics, and recreation technologies;
    • medical biotechnologies;
    • social changes and social science and humanities technologies;
    • rational nature management;
    • technologies of urban environment development.

    Research activities engage 126 full professors and 468 doctors, young scientists, graduate and postgraduate students. IKBFU is home to nationally and internationally renowned schools of thought in Kant studies, Russian philosophy, language modality, integrated study of the Baltic region, spatial and landscape planning, World Ocean research, quadruple and nuclear magnetic resonance, ionosphere physics, geomagentic process and radio wave propagation, differential figure manifold geometry and others.

    As a result of modernisation of the content and organisation of innovative activity, a number of new research units in the fields of natural and exact sciences were established at IKBFU in 2011-2012. They serve as the basis for the development of promising research areas, the results of studies conducted are aimed at application in the real economy.

    The Centre for Functional Nanomaterials works in the field of creation and research on functional nanocomposite and nanostructured materials for further application in the field of micro- and nanoelectronics, solar energy, energy conservation systems and biocompatible and bioactive structures.

    The Centre for Laser Nanotechnologies and Informational Biophysics carries out holographic research aimed at the development of new nanomaterials for organic semiconductors. The centre focuses on the complexes of organic molecules with DNA and molecular complexes of biological molecules with metal organic matter; physical constants of thermal and temperature conductivity in films, also under the influence of laser radiation, are determined with the help of induced diffraction gratings.

    The studies conducted by the Centre for Digital Technologies of Information Processing helped develop an entirely new technology of signal processing, thanks to which IKBFU is included into the programme of the Sozvezdiye innovative company. The technology contributed to the improvement of equipment complexes used in location, position finding, and navigation systems, different types of spectroscopy, communication systems and helped launch the university’s own product. The researchers of the centre created a theory of multichannel receiving antennae and developed a method of Doppler filtration of high resolution ionosphere signals.

    The Laboratory for Mathematical Methods of Information Security and Processing focuses on the arithmetic of algebraic geometry and its applications. An important area of research is the studies in the field of information security and processing.

    The Research Institute for Applied Informatics and Mathematical Geophysics carries out research in the field of development of mathematical methods, algorithms, and programmes for solving inverse problems of mathematical geophysics. The studies are based on the recent methods of data processing and use the university’s supercomputer. The results obtained serve as the basis for implementation of new methods of search for complex hydrocarbon deposits and optimisation of extraction by oil and gas companies.

    The Centre for Information and Communication Technologies supports the operation of IKBFU’s supercomputer, on the basis of which high performance computing is conducted for the tasks of physics of solid body and nanostructures. Moreover, it is the only centre in the region that holds exams and issues international certificates for IT specialists (Prometric and PearsonVue).

    The Centre for energy efficiency focuses on measures aimed at efficient use of energy resources and application of renewable energy sources by industrial consumers. The centre boasts unique for the region equipment, which makes it possible to carry out professional analysis of energy consumption by municipal units and industrial facilities and to develop rational programmes of energy conservation. The centre’s experts analyse new developments in resource saving in the fields of construction, housing and utilities, water supply, and energy.

    The Chemical Analytical Centre studies regional environment with the help of a most modern laboratory base. The research of the Laboratory for Fine Organic Synthesis focuses on determining the composition of medicinal and potentially medicinal plants found in the region in order to identify substances with a pronounced biological activity. The laboratory conducts search for pharmaceutically active substances on the basis of natural compounds.

    The latest developments in the field of medical biotechnologies include the establishment of the Laboratory for Genome and Proteomic Studies, which examines the mechanisms of mammal genome functioning, mitochondrion biogenesis, diagnostics and therapy of human mitochondrion pathologies, as well as the Laboratory for Immunology and Cellular Biotechnologies conducting studies into humoral and cellular control of adaptive immunity, immunopathological reactions and immunity generating processes for diagnosing and treating lifestyle-related diseases.

    The development of natural, exact, and technical sciences does not suggest neglecting research in humanities. The area of humanities is an important and integral component of a classical university that forms the spiritual sphere of any society. IKBFU is a regional centre for comprehensive research in the fields of philology, history, economics, law, political science and pedagogy. For the exclave Kaliningrad region separated from mainland Russia by foreign states, it is of special importance to develop a system of traditional values, national identity, and historical and political knowledge of the world.

    Specialised research institutes were established to facilitate research in the field of humanities.

    Wide renown and national and international recognition was achieved by the Kaliningrad school of Kant studies. Kant institute carries out systematic research into Kant’s philosophy, its cultural context and introduction of research results into educational programmes and knowledge spreading activity.

    The Baltic Studies Institute conducts comprehensive research on the Baltic issues and aims to accumulate and generalise the results of scientific research and educational technologies implemented in the Baltic regions countries and other states.

    The Russian Baltic centre established at the institute is meant to implement educational projects relating to the promotion of Russian language and culture in the countries of the Baltic region, to preform monitoring of the state of Russian language in the Baltic countries, and to develop information resources for international students of the Russian language.

    The Regional Studies Institute focuses on the problems of socioeconomic development of the exclave Kaliningrad region, its territorial organisation and rational nature management in line with the objectives of regional and municipal governance.

    Research results are published in national and international scientific journals. In 2007-2011, IKBFU’s scholars published 141 monographs, more than 280 text books, and more than 470 research articles. The High Attestation Commission included several IKBFU's journals – Vestnik (all areas of research), Kantovsky Sbornik, Baltic Region (published in collaboration with Saint Petersburg University in the Russian and English languages), as well as the Baltiisky filologichesky kuryer (Baltic Philological Messenger) and Slovo.ru – in the list of leading Russian academic journals and publications – forums for the obligatory publication of research results on the topics of PhD and postdoctoral theses.

    University is active in preparation of highly qualified staff – doctoral and postdoctoral fellows. More than 600 PhD students carry out research in 38 areas, which is four times as many as at Kaliningrad State Technical University and 8 times as many as at the Baltic State Academy. Not only Russian but also international – among them 26 people form Belarus – students undertake PhD studies at IKBFU. In 2011, 226 PhD students were admitted to university, among them 127 to physical and mathematical and technical fields of studies, and 99 to humanities. Moreover, at IKBFU, 18 postdoctoral students carry out research in 5 areas (at the Baltic State Academy, postdoctoral studies are available only in the theory and methodology of professional education, while Kaliningrad State University does not offer postdoctoral studies).

    IKBFU is home to 10 thesis panels in 20 research areas (Kaliningrad State University boasts 1 thesis panel for biological and technical sciences, the Baltic State Academy has 2 thesis panels for pedagogical and technical sciences). In 2011, 48 doctoral and postdoctoral theses were defended at IKBFU.

    Over the last years, the university has shown a rapid rate of growth in scientific research: only in 2008-2011, the volume of scientific research increased fourfold. In 2011, 124 research topics were studied within the financial framework of 122 mln roubles; applied research (first of all, in the fields of natural and exact sciences) accounted for almost a half this sum (60 mln roubles).

    Research is conducted in different fields of knowledge; however, priority is given to natural, exact, and technical sciences (78% of total financing), research in the field of social sciences accounts for 18% of total financing, interdisciplinary studies for 4%.