ул. А.Невского, д.14
Three research projects of Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University have been selected as the winners of the contest of Russian Ministry of Education and Science for research centres and scientific laboratories.
More than 2 500 applications were sent to the contest. Only 444 of them were approved.
All the projects were focused on achieving the results in a wide range of areas, such as physical and chemical processes research, development of innovative software, bioengineering projects, neurorobotics and others.
The winning projects of the research groups of IKBFU correspond with the scientific priorities of the University. The authors and the participants of the projects tell about the essence of their research.
Valeriya Rodionova, head of the laboratory of novel magnetic materials of the Fabrika hi-tech park, Institute of Physics, Mathematics and Information Technology, the head of the project "Capture, retain, and injection of a domain wall in wires with cylindrical symmetry of submicron to several microns diameters, and control of movement dynamics in them”:
"A few years ago in the journal Science was published the article, which has announced a new type of memory on the planar nanowire. In the laboratory of novel magnetic materials, we are doing reserach of the properties of cylindrical microwires. They can be used for the same purposes as the nanowires, but they are easier to work with. Firstly, because they have not nano, but microsizes and, secondly, there is no necessity to have expensive technologies to create them.
Data transmission rate in microwires may be faster, and control of memory bits is easier due to a set of unique properties of these objects. Our project was aimed at finding new ways for capture, retain and control of the movement of the domain wall.
Another area of research appliance is the ability to design and create of contactless and non- invasive micromanipulator biological and physical nano- and micro-objects. If we can control the domain wall and its speed, we will capture the nano- and microsizes biological and physical objects, transfer them and study the mechanisms of their interaction. Upon successful completion of the project, we will obtain an analogue of existing magnetic and optical tweezers, but it will work in a bigger radius of forces and with a wider variety of research objects".
Ilya Mazunin, head of the laboratory of molecular and genetic technologies, Institute of living systems, project “Functional assessment of modified mitochondrial DNA, unable to formation of deletions»
«Direct repeats of the size of 13 pairs of nucleotides in mitochondrial DNA structure are the reason of formation of deletions, which are connected with cells aging. We anticipate that our research will let us select the optimum alternative of modification of direct repeats with a maximal saving the normal functioning of mitochondrions. One of the main long term effects of the project will be the knowledge about the role of direct repeats in formation of deletions in mitochondrial DNA. The development of correcting method of nucleotide sequence of mitochondrial DNA will allow using of a mitochondrial genome editing technology in reducing a wide range of neuromuscular and neurodegenerative diseases, caused by the mutation in mitochondrial DNA.
Based on the results of the project implementation this will be possible to create the animal models of mitochondrial diseases, which is considering as impossible nowadays. Results of our project will be interesting to the companies specialized in gene therapy of inherited diseases and to the researchers working in the genetics of aging and in the neurodegenerative processes.
Anatoly Snigirev, head of the laboratory of X-ray optics, hi-tech park Fabrika, Institute of Physics, Mathematics and Information Technology:
Valery Savin, head of REC “Radiography and physical materials science”, member of the working group “The use of carbon composite of nanocarbonic materials for X-rays optics”:
Our project is headed by the famous Russian physician, creator of X-ray lens of new generation Anatoly Snigirev. The aim of our project is creating the new materials responding to the X-ray optics needs. The scientists are searching new materials for creating the new lenses that can increase the strength, density and precision of X-rays. Instead of beryl, aluminium bases our team create composite materials from nanocarbonic (i.e. the materials that combined the characteristics of several materials) in research. Our task is to select the structure and to expose the characteristics of the lens that will correspond to the requirements of contemporary science.